The Year 8 of the Revelation Muharram 1-Dhu al-Hijja 29, 6 BH ca. September 19, 616 CE-September 7, 617 CE Each Lesson begins with a critical thinking (furqan) standard, strategy or Quranic moral trait. It is important to note that when learning HOW to think which the Quran teaches, there is no specifically correct answer. It is going through the process of Quranic understanding that we learn HOW to think. The Lessons in Book Year 1 through Book Year 24, including Book Year 8 presented here, are numbered consecutively in order of the revelation of a Quranic Chapter. Here, in Book Year 8, we begin with Lesson 57, that is, Quran Chapter 31 which is the 57th Chapter revealed followed by Quranic Chapters 34, 39, 40 and, finally Lesson 61 with Quranic Chapter 41 which is the 61st chapter revealed. The chronological order of the chapters of the Quran that follow throughout the series is based on the list accepted by al-Azhar University in Cairo and is considered to be the official order. It differs greatly from the chronological order developed by Western scholars over the centuries and is much more detailed. Quranic signs or verses (ayat) of each section (ruku) in a particular Quranic chapter are given in each lesson followed by a commentary. A short paragraph describes the Eight Elements of Reason and then a paragraph titled Example of How Quranic Critical Thinking Works. The paragraph that comes after this is for the student to determine which of the statements are one of the Eight Elements of Reasoning. Each Lesson ends with a Student Self-assessment. Appendix 1 correlates the original Quranic chapters with their chronological order. This is the year that begins the economic sanctions against the Hashim clan of the Messenger.