This work on the Shariah or Islamic Law offers acomparative study of the Divine Law that, according to authentic Islamicdoctrines, embodies the Will of God in society. In the Islamic world view, Godis the ultimate legislator. The five major schools that are used in thecomparison are: Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafii, Maliki and Jafari. The unity of theschools becomes apparent, but it is perhaps the differences that are of thegreater interest because it shows two important facts: first of all, how openthe Law is to a variety of views and, secondly, whereas the Hanafi, Hanbali,Shafii and Maliki schools have been separated from the Jafari school forpolitical reasons throughout Islamic history, the Jafari as often as not agreeswith the Hanafi or Maliki schools, for instance, while the Shafii and Hanbalias often as not differ. It is from this diversity of interpretations of theLaw, interpretations which are base on the Quran and the Sunnah, that unitydevelops when each diverse group is willing to concede the possibility of theother’s interpretation when it is based on the same two sources. PrescribedPurity (taharat) is one of the Individual Issues, the others being prayer,fasting and pilgrimage.