The complete text of the chapter examining Islamic and Christian beliefs about the end of the world and the Second Coming of Christ, from The New Testament Era: An Islamic Perspective. Recent events have given new impetus to the more extreme interpretations of the eschatological texts of the Bible, especially Revelation. The meaning and implications of these are discussed here. Many Muslims feel that the Christian movements espousing such beliefs have targeted them as obstacles to be removed in order for Christ to return in glory. In this situation, it is important for Muslims to understand the ancient Biblical and religious roots of these extreme beliefs, their consequences for the prospects of peace in the contemporary world, and their potential impact upon the Islamic world.